The abbreviation ENT stands for Ear, Nose, and Throat. ENT specialists are healthcare providers that have been trained to treat issues related to the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck. They are professionally called Otolaryngologists, and they also treat cases of allergies and sinuses, ear tubes, larynx, adenoids, and tonsils, hearing and balance, swallowing and speech, breathing and sleep issues, cancers of the head, neck, and throat as well as reconstructive and cosmetic surgery on the head and neck. ENT specialists have been trained to be surgeons because some ENT cases may require extremely delicate operations.
Overview of the Anatomy and Function of ENT
The ears are one of the five sense organs in the body. Its major functionality is for hearing, but it can also function to provide a sense of balance. The nose is another sense organ that is used for smelling. The nose is also known to prevent the entry of germs into the body, humidify the air we breathe, and partially a sense of taste. The throat is not a sense organ, but it is important because it serves as a route for the passage of air, food, and water. While air is taken to the lungs, water and food are carried to the digestive tract.
When to see an ENT specialist
A problem in the ear, nose, or throat can affect a person and drastically change the quality of life. Hence, it is recommended that you visit an ENT specialist if you notice any but not limited to the following:
- hearing loss,
- ear infection
- chronic throat, ear, or sinus problems,
- lump in the neck,
- ringing in the ears,
- injury in any part of the ear, nose, or throat,
- pain in the ears, nose, or throat,
- breathing problems,
- cleft palate,
- nose bleeds,
- drooling of the eyelids,
- tumor growth in the ears, nose, or throat,
- sore throat,
- nasal congestion.
Some common disorders of the ear, nose, and throat are tonsillitis, ear infections, sinus infection, sleep apnea, swimmer’s ear.