Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and structural and functional disorders associated with it. The nervous system comprises the autonomic, central, and peripheral nervous systems. It includes the brain, spinal cord, blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. A Neurologist is a doctor who specializes in managing nervous system-related diseases.
Other persons involved in handling neurological cases include:
- Neurosurgeons – They deal with cases of neurological disorders that require treatment by surgery.
- Pediatric Neurologists – They manage neurological problems in persons younger than the age of 18.
When to See a Neurologist
When symptoms such as those listed below, it is advised to see a neurologist for medical advice.
- Coordination problems
- Muscle weakness
- Problems with the senses such as smell, touch, vision, etc.
The Neurologist must first ascertain if the problem is associated with the nervous system by reviewing a patient’s medical records and carrying out neurological tests on the patient. Neurological tests are meant to assess the functionality of a patient’s nervous system, such as coordination, the cranial nerves, reflexes, mental status, and so on. Common neurological conditions are cerebral palsy, epilepsy, nerve diseases, muscle disease, learning disabilities, complex metabolic diseases, etc.