What is the anti-wrinkle treatment?There are many ways to remove or minimize the appearance of wrinkles. One of the most effective anti-wrinkle treatments available is the usage of Retinoids (tretinoin, Altreno, Retin-A, Renova). This treatment has proven the most effective in reducing aging signs like roughness, wrinkling, and uneven pigmentation. Picture Courtesy: Advance medical system
What causes wrinkles?
The causes of wrinkles are:
- Age – As the person gets older, the skin loses elasticity and becomes more fragile. Decreased production of natural oils dries the skin and makes the skin appear more wrinkled.
- Fat in the deeper layers of the skin diminishes – This causes loose, saggy skin and more-pronounced lines and creases.
- Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light – Ultraviolet radiation speeds the natural aging process and is the primary cause of early wrinkles. Exposure to UV light breaks down the skin’s connective tissue collagen and elastin fibers, which lie in the deeper layer of skin (dermis).
- The absence of the supportive connective tissue causes the skin to lose its strength and flexibility. Then it gradually begins to sag and wrinkle prematurely.
- Smoking – Smoking can accelerate the skin’s normal aging process, contributing to wrinkles.
- Repeated facial expressions – Fine lines and wrinkles result from facial movements and expressions, such as squinting or smiling. Each time a person uses a facial muscle, a groove forms beneath the skin’s surface. And as skin ages, it loses its flexibility and can no longer spring back in place. Thus leaving these grooves as permanent features on the face.
What treatment options are available to counteract wrinkles?
Wrinkles can be managed using medications, creams, surgery, or laser techniques.
What medical management option is available for wrinkles?
- Topical retinoids – When applied to the skin, a prescription medicine containing retinoids derived from vitamin A decreases fine wrinkles, roughness, and splotches. A person may need to use the product for a few weeks or months before noticing improvement.
- Alpha- hydroxy acids
What are the side effects of medical management of wrinkles?
The side effects of retinoids are- itching, redness, burning, or dryness.
Are there any other treatment options available?
A large variety of other treatment options are also available for the wrinkles, which include:
- Laser resurfacing – a laser beam heats the underlying skin after destroying the outer layer of skin. This stimulates the growth of new collagen fibers. Consequently, smoother, tighter skin forms.
- Photodynamic rejuvenation – Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be used to treat fine wrinkles and lines caused by sun exposure.
- Botulinum toxin type A (Botox). The botox keeps the muscles from contracting when injected into a specific area in small doses. The skin appears smoother and less wrinkled when the muscles can’t tighten.
- Soft tissue fillers – Soft tissue fillers, including fat, collagen, and hyaluronic acid (Restylane, Juvederm, others), can be injected into wrinkles on the face. They plump and smooth wrinkles and furrows.
- Face-lift – The procedure mainly involves tightening the underlying muscle and tissues.
- Ultrasound therapy is a non-invasive technique used to lift and tighten skin on the face, neck, and chin.
- Glycolic acid peeling, deep peelers
- Dermabrasions, microdermabrasion
What diet can one follow to reduce wrinkles?
The following anti-aging foods can help the person to reduce wrinkles. Papaya, blueberries, broccoli, spinach, nuts, avocado, sweet potatoes, etc.
How can we avoid getting wrinkles naturally?
Although one cannot avoid wrinkles associated with aging, one can take a few steps to slow down the process. They are:
Avoid the sun, wear sunscreen, don’t smoke, get adequate sleep, eat fruits and vegetables, etc.