Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)

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WHAT IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES? Gestational diabetes mellitus is a form of diabetes a woman develops during pregnancy. A woman affected by high blood sugar during pregnancy is at a high risk of developing type2 diabetes in the future.  DIAGNOSIS To diagnose gestational diabetes, the following test can be performed: Initial glucose challenge test:  A blood […] Read More

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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)

WHAT IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES? Gestational diabetes mellitus is a form of diabetes a woman develops during pregnancy. A woman affected by high blood sugar during pregnancy is at a high risk of developing type2 diabetes in the future.  DIAGNOSIS To diagnose gestational diabetes, the following test can be performed:
  • Initial glucose challenge test: 
A blood sugar level of 190mg/dl, (10.6mml/l), indicates gestational diabetes. A blood sugar level below 140mg/dl (7.8mml/l) is considered normal.
  • Glucose tolerance test (a follow-up test). 
TREATMENT OF GDM: Treatment includes:
  • Lifestyle changes: how you eat and move. 
  • Blood sugar monitoring: by glucose level testing.
  • Medication (if necessary): insulin injection, oral drugs.
Life Changes Healthy diets; food that is high in nutrition and fiber, and low in fat and calories, such as fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Avoid highly refined carbohydrates, including sweets. Exercise; housework, gardening, walking, and light exercise.

Symptoms

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of gestational diabetes include:

  • Sugar in the urine 
  • Unusual thirst 
  • Excessive hunger 
  • Fatigue 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Vaginal, bladder, and skin infection 

Causes

CAUSES

Pregnant women who can not make enough insulin during late pregnancy may stand the risk of gestational diabetes. Other causes of gestational diabetes may be overweight and genetic transfer. 

FAQ

How early can gestational diabetes be diagnosed?

Gestational diabetes usually does not occur until later in pregnancy, when the placenta is producing more of the hormones that interfere with the mother’s insulin. Screening for diabetes in pregnant woman takes place between week 24 to 28, but women at high risk are likely to be screened in the first 3months 

Can a blood test dictate gestational diabetes?

Symptoms of gestational diabetes are most times not prominent. Most cases are only dictated when the blood sugar level is tested during screening for gestational diabetes.

Is gestational diabetes considered high-risk pregnancy? 

Gestational diabetes increases your risk of high blood pressure and preeclampsia, a serious complication of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten the lives of both mother and baby 

What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes? 

Warning signs of GDM are:

  • Sugar in the urine 
  • Unusual thirst 
  • Frequent urination 
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision 
  • Fatigue 
  • Vaginal, bladder, and skin infection.

Which fruit is lower in sugar? 

Best low sugar fruit is:

  • Lemon and limes 
  • Raspberry 
  • Strawberries 
  • Blackberries 
  • Kiwis
  • Grapefruit
  • Avocado
  • Watermelon
  • Cantaloupe
  • Orange
  • Peaches