- Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1
- Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
- Oral Herpes (Herpes 1)
- Genital Herpes (Herpes 2)
- Having unprotected sexual intercourse with infected persons.
- Females are easily affected
- Sexual intercourse at a young age
- Multiple sex partner
- The weakened or low immune system
- An infected pregnant mother having genital herpes may transmit it to her baby during childbirth.
- Having sex with Persons with recurring symptoms
- Taking relief medications for the pains
- Avoiding sexual activity until symptoms are completely cleared.
- Apply recommended creams or lotion by your doctor on your urethra before urinating especially the ones containing lidocaine.
- Antiviral medications may be administered by your doctor to prevent the spread of the herpes virus. The duration of how long you could use the drugs will be dependent on how early you detected the virus and commenced treatments.
- Dabbing cornstarch into infected parts
- Applying aloe vera gel to the sores.
- Bathing in lightly salted water or warm sitz bath
- Wearing loose clothing often allows air into the affected area and avoids irritation.
- Using protection during sex
- Avoiding kissing or oral sex if you notice a sore around your mouth or that of your partner.
- Make a habit of continuously washing your hands especially after touching affected areas especially if you are a health care provider.
- Avoiding sharing personal items such as your panties, towels, cups, spoons, etc.
SYMPTOMS OF HERPES
The symptoms of herpes include:
- Blistering sores especially at the mouth, tongue, anus, or genitals which could be small red bumps or tiny white blisters.
- Ulcers are formed when the blisters rupture.
- Itchy skin.
- Pains and swollen lymph nodes.
- Easily tired and fatigue.
There could also be recurring symptoms.
Research has shown that over 33 percent of people with oral herpes and approximately 50 percent of genital herpes tends to recur symptoms. This may be at least 8-10 days with fewer genital sores and less impact than the initial time
CAUSES OF HERPES
Herpes is caused by the virus called herpes simplex virus. It can be type 1 and type 2.
This virus can be transmitted from one person to another through direct contact. Once the herpes simplex virus is contacted, it is carried for the rest of one life.
The herpes simplex virus type 1 can be contacted from general interaction such as sharing the same eating utensils, kissing, sharing of lips balm, oral sex, sometimes from people with an infection who is asymptomatic, etc.
Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 and is contacted majorly through sexual intercourse with an infected person, having anal sex, sharing sex toys.
According to studies by the American Academy of Dermatology, approximately 20 percent of sexually active adults in the United States are infected with this virus.
Genital herpes would lead to pains when urinating, itching skins, and sores in your genitals.
- What precautions should I take if I am an expecting mother with herpes?
When you suspect that you have herpes, you need to get tested as soon as possible and let your doctor know on time. He may recommend an antiviral drug in out to break outbreak during the time of childbirth
- Is herpes curable?
Herpes which is an infection caused by the herpes simplex virus is not yet curable but rather its symptoms can be managed with proper treatment and medications.
- What are the triggers of recurring herpes?
The symptoms of herpes could recur as the treatment merely makes the causative virus dormant and these could be its triggers and they include stress, menstrual periods, fever or illness, sunburn, rashes, etc. However, the attacks are less intense as the body may have developed antibodies for it after a while.
- How long does a herpes outbreak last?
A herpes outbreak could last several days and may cause flu-like symptoms which may include swollen lymph nodes, fever, headaches, etc, if you are an expecting mother, your doctor may recommend a cesarean section to minimize the chances of your child getting infected in the outbreak.
- How long does it take for herpes to show up after exposure?
The virus may lie dormant initially after you have been exposed to the virus and may begin to show after 12 days after exposure or in some people after several years.