- Physical Examination: A physical examination by the physician should cover medical history and discussion of your diet.
- Medical Tests:
- Urine tests; to know oxalate and other element levels in the urine.
- Blood tests; to assess kidney function and oxalate level in the blood.
- Kidney stones analysis; to know what chemicals are in the stone. The test is done on the kidney stones that have been passed in the urine or removed from the urinary tract during surgery.
- Imagery Tests; to check for any kidney stones or oxalate deposits:
- Kidney X-ray.
- Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan.
- DNA testing; to check for inherited causes.
- Liver biopsy; to check for enzyme deficiencies, where genetic testing does not reveal the cause.
- High fluid intake.
- Right diet
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
- Kidney failure.
- A general feeling of illness and tiredness
- Loss of appetite
- Reduced or no urine output
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hand and feet swelling
- Skin tones pell.
- Bone diseases
- Skin problems
- Heart diseases
- Poor development in children
- Fruits; apples, bananas, grapes, etc.
- Vegetables; artichokes, asparagus, and Brussels.
- Dairy products; cheese, yogurt, milk, etc.
- Protein foods
- Drinks and desserts.
- Dark green vegetables, such as spinach.
Symptoms Of Hyperoxaluria
Watch out for the symptoms of kidney stones, which is the first prominent sign of hyperoxaluria.
Symptoms of kidney stones include:
- Blood in the urine.
- Painful urination.
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- Severe and/or sudden backache.
- Persistent pain in the area below the ribs on the back.
- Feeling of cold and fever.
Causes of Hyperoxaluria
Oxalosis takes place when an inherited hyperoxaluria person's kidney malfunctions. This kidney failure hinders the elimination of the extra oxalate. It starts accumulating, first in the blood, then in the eyes, muscles, bones, blood vessels, heart, and other body organs; thus forming stones and causing multiple problems.
- Intestinal (Enteric) Hyperoxaluria
Some intestinal diseases (including Crohris disease, short gut syndrome, due to surgical procedures) can lead to increased absorption of oxalate from foods, thereby heightening the amount of oxalate in the urine.
- High Oxalate Foods
When your table is mainly made of foods high in oxalate, an increased risk of hyperoxaluria or kidney stones is eminent. Avoiding high-oxalate foods is very beneficial for you and your family.
What is a normal oxalate level?
The normal level of urine oxalate excretion is less than 45mg/day. A higher level of urine oxalate puts you at the risk of developing kidney stones. The normal level of oxalate in urine is considered to be 25mg/day.
What dissolves kidney stones fast?
Taking much water (fluid) may help speed up the passing of a stone. Your doctor may advise against a juice that may cause side effects. In addition to much water consumption, the following juice is helpful: Lemon juice, Basil juice, Apple cider vinegar, Pomegranate juice, Celery juice, Kidney bean broth, Dandelion root juice, and more.
What medical condition can too much oxalate lead to in humans?
Too much oxalate in the body can cause some serious health problems, ranging from kidney stone formations to kidney failure or even death. An excess amount of oxalate can combine with calcium in the urine to develop kidney stones and crystals to form recurrent kidney stones. Recurrent kidney stones and crystals can block the kidney and lead to kidney failure.
What is primary hyperoxaluria type 1?
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH 1) is one of a group of rare diseases that are genetic or inherited from your parents. PH 1 builds up a high amount of oxalate in your kidneys, which leads to kidney damage and breakdown. Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare disease, affects only about 1 in 58,000 people with type 1 accounting for about 80%.
How long does a kidney and liver transplant take?
Transplant surgery duration differs. Kidney transplant can take 4 to 5 hours, and liver transplant can take 5 to 8 hours.