- Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN2)
- Von Hippel-Lindau disease
- Hereditary paraganglioma syndromes may increase the risk of developing pheochromocytoma.
- Urine Test; which involves using 24-hour urine collection by a special urine container that has a small amount of preservative. Although it could be inconvenient, it is quite reliable.
- Blood Tests; which can be carried out such as blood plasma tests.
- Imaging Tests; done in other to locate the pheochromocytomas such as cross-section scans, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- Genetic Testing can also be done.
- Damage to body organs
- Heart attack
- Kidney failure
- Cancerous cells may travel to the lymph system, liver, sometimes lungs and bones
SYMPTOMS OF PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA
The symptoms of pheochromocytoma include:
- High blood pressure
- Severe headaches
- Increase heart rate
- Profuse sweating
- Feeling of hotness
- Chest pain
- Sometimes, pains at the upper part of the stomach.
- Constipation may also occur.
- Irregular heartbeat.
CAUSES OF PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA
Pheochromocytoma can be caused by tumors occurring in the specialized cells that are responsible for the hormone precursor amino acid, which is predominantly found in the adrenal medulla.
Are pheochromocytomas dangerous?
Since pheochromocytomas affect one of the essential hormones in the body, the catecholamines, they can be considered dangerous. Catecholamines – epinephrine and norepinephrine, controls the regulation of blood flow in the body. They are considered high-risk tumors.
How often are pheochromocytomas cancerous?
Most pheochromocytomas are benign. Only About 10% of pheochromocytomas have been recorded to be malignant, which could be due to mutations in the genes.
What food trigger pheochromocytoma?
Foods that are rich in tyramine should be avoided as it tends to increase the rate of blood flow in the body. Such food rich in tyramine includes overripe food, fermented food, cheese, etc.
Is pheochromocytoma dangerous during pregnancy?
Definitely. Pheochromocytoma during pregnancy is dangerous to both mother and child. It increases the blood pressure of the mother and can cause damage to the kidney, affecting also the oxygen of the baby and cause premature birth. Generally, it could complicate the pregnancy and delivery.
What is the best test for pheochromocytoma?
A blood plasma test is considered the best for diagnosing pheochromocytomas.