- Growth in chains.
- Reaction with group D antiserum.
- Growth in high salt concentration (6.5%NaCl).
- Survival of temperature of 60℃, for short periods.
- The ability to hydrolyze esculin in the presence of bile.
- Hydrolysis of pyrrolidinyl arylamidase and leucine aminopeptidase.
- Have a weakened immune system.
- Recently had surgery, especially in the abdomen or chest.
- Have been in intensive care units, cancer, or transplant wards.
- Have VRE already growing in colonies, in your intestine or genital tracts.
- Were treated with vancomycin or other antibiotics for long periods.
- Used medical devices for some time in your body (such as urinary or IV catheters).
- Vancomycin-resistant enterococci can live on hard surfaces for some time.
- Wipe your counters, bathrooms, and other areas of your home that can provide a resting place for them, including the handles of the doors, your sets, and chairs.
- Wash your hands with soap and water, after using the bathroom and preparing food.
- Wash your hands after welcoming visitors.
- Wear gloves if you’re working in close contact with body fluids like poop, treating patients’ wounds or blood.
- Always wash your hands after taking off your gloves.
- Inform the healthcare workers if you or someone in your care has VRE, so they can protect themselves too.
- Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers when you can’t easily have access to water (in public places or a vehicle).
- Body aching.
- Fever and chills.
- Decreased urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Rapid pulse and breathing.
- Fatigue or tiredness.
- The frequent severe urge to urinate.
- Dark, bloody, and foul-smelling urine.
- Pain in the lower back, flank, or abdomen.
- Pain or a burning sensation when urinating.
- Soreness and swelling at the injury site.
- Pus or fluid leakage from the wound.
- Red and warm skin around the wound.
- Pelvic infections.
- Wound infections.
- Urinary tract infections.
- Endocarditis (infection of a heart valve).
- Intra-abdominal infections (such as peritonitis).
- Bacteremia (a bacterial infection spread into the bloodstream).
VANCOMYCIN RESISTANT ENTEROCOCCUS SYMPTOMS
Some of these may come from the infections they trigger. Symptoms of VRE may include:
- Wound infections.
- Bloodstream infections.
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Your doctor will take a sample from the affected, for a test. If it confirms the spread of VRE, more tests will be done to find out which antibiotic will be best to treat it.
- Can VRE be controlled with antibiotics?
Yes, vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) can be treated with other antibiotics besides vancomycin itself. These include doxycycline, rifampin, and chloramphenicol, in various combinations. However, newer antibiotics are available.
- Does VRE ever go away?
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections disappear in some people, as these people’s bodies get more immunized; taking a few months or longer. VRE infections can also go away and come back, but the bacteria will remain without causing infections.
- How is VRE transmitted?
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are transmitted via directly contacting hands, surfaces, or equipment contaminated by body fluid of a VRE-infected person. They are not transmitted by coughing, sneezing, or via air.
- How is VRE diagnosed?
When your doctor suspects you’ve gotten infected with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), he/she will take a sample of your infected wound, blood, urine, or excreta to a lab, for analysis. The laboratory will grow the bacteria (via culture) and test to see which kinds of antibiotics can kill the bacteria. This may take several days.
- What are the symptoms of VRE?
When vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are causing a wound infection, the area of your skin affected by it may be red or tender, but if you have a urinary tract infection, you may have back pains, a burning sensation during urination, or a need to urinate more often than normal. Some people with VRE infections have diarrhea, feel weak and sick, or have fever and chills.