Vitreoretinal disease is a term that describes a group of eye diseases that affects the retina at the back of the eye as well the vitreous fluid around it. It is not a single condition. The disease usually occurs as a secondary to diabetes or another health-related issue. Vitreoretinal surgery, on the other hand, is a group of surgical procedures that are performed deep inside the eye’s interior especially with lasers or else with conventional surgical instruments. Vitreoretinal surgical procedures can help restore, preserve as well as enhance vision for many eye conditions like age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and vitreous haemorrhage.
These are a few treatment options available for patient. The patient undergoes all of the following procedures:
- Pre-Op Treatment:
Vitreoretinal specialists suggest patients to undergo diagnostic tests that involve on-site imaging procedures such as digital fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography and high-speed ICG angiography that provides details about the blood vessels and retina of the eye prior to medication or surgery.
- Surgical Procedure:
A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the vitreous humor or gel-like substance in the eye by an experienced vitreoretinal surgeon. The surgical procedure is done to address vision problems that arise when a foreign matter invades the area of the eye’s interior such as blood caused from a condition called diabetic vitreous haemorrhage. Vitreoretinal specialists usually inject a saline liquid mainly to remove the vitreous humor after removing the vitreous humor and clearing the area. Surgeons normally make three tiny incisions in the eye in order to create openings to complete the vitreoretinal surgical procedure.
- Post-Op Treatment:
Once the vitreoretinal surgical procedure is done, the patient will be administered with antibiotic eye drops for the first week as well as anti-inflammatory eye drops for several weeks. Apart from that medication may also be administered in order to support the visual function.
These are few of the main symptoms of Vitreoretinal disease that needs to be evaluated by a vitreoretinal specialist:
- Night blindness
- Severe eye pain
- Sudden vision loss
- Distortion of printed words while reading
- Very high light sensitivity
- Floaters in the visual field
- Dimming in the peripheral vision
These are a few of the factors that cause Vitreoretinal disease:
- Having diabetes or other diseases
- Eye trauma
- A family history of retinal diseases
1. Will I be in pain after Vitreoretinal surgery?
Very occasionally, patients feel pain after the surgical procedure. However, a patient will still be administered painkillers to control this, for the first few days.
2. When can I return to normal activities after Vitreoretinal treatment?
Though a patient should take extra care during the first week after the surgery like when showering and while doing other activities, a patient can return to normal day-to-day activities just a day after the surgery.
3. Will I need to do any eye-specific exercises after treatment?
A patient will be advised to do posturing exercises after the surgical procedure for the first few weeks.
4. How to look after my wound after the Vitreoretinal treatment?
Once the dressing is removed, the patient may be advised to start eye-drops as well as advised to wear eye-shield during the night and also while taking showers.
5. What should you do for 48 hrs after the surgical procedure is done?
The patient will be advised to refrain from driving vehicle, operate machinery, drink alcohol and smoke.