Orthopedics is a branch f medical science that involves the care and management of the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is composed of the muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons. A physician specializing in treating musculoskeletal cases is called to apply either surgical or non-surgical methods as an Orthopedist.
Orthopedic conditions may occur from birth or due to injury or aging. Common orthopedic conditions include back pain, joint pain, bone fractures, neck pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, meniscus tears, bursitis, arthritis, osteoporosis, etc.
You should see an Orthopedist when you experience one of the following.
- Physical or sports injury
- Pain or discomfort in muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons
- Broken bones
- Back pain
- A decrease in the mobility of the motion of a joint
- Trouble carrying out daily activities such as walking
Before an individual is diagnosed with a musculoskeletal condition, the orthopedist will first review the patient’s medical records, ask for symptoms, conduct a physical examination, take X-rays imaging and carry out diagnostic tests such as a bone scan, blood test, ultrasound, MRI scan, CT scan, etc.
Treatment options for orthopedic conditions depend on the condition. The orthopedist may apply in-house procedures such as resetting a fractured or dislocated bone and immobilizing it with the aid of a brace, cast, or splint. Other treatment options include:
- home exercise programs,
- medications or injections,
- mobility aids,
- rehabilitation and physical therapy,