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Tubectomy which is also known as female sterilization or tubal sterilization or tubal ligation is generally a permanent method of contraception in women. It is very commonly called “getting your tubes tied”. It is a surgical procedure through which the fallopian tubes are blocked, thus preventing the egg released by the ovary into reaching the uterus. It is normally done in order to prevent pregnancy or the permanent birth control process. It is usually done when women choose not to have babies, thus sterilization can be a great option for them. It is also a slightly more complex as well as expensive procedure than sterilization in men (vasectomy). Tubectomy is usually safe for almost all women. It also has an extremely less failure rate. Sterilization is very effective without leading women to the same side effects unlike other methods like birth control pills or the intrauterine device (IUD). Read More


Female Fertilization Process and Tubectomy:

Egg cells are produced by the ovaries which are called the ova or oocytes. These oocytes are then moved or transported to the fallopian tube where the sperm comes in contact for fertilization. These fertilized eggs are then moved to the uterus, especially to the thickened uterine lining that is in response to the reproductive cycle normal hormones. Tubectomy is a surgical procedure of getting your tubes tied where the fallopian tubes are blocked, thus preventing the egg released by the ovary into reaching the uterus.

Post Tubal Ligation Syndrome:

These are some of the symptoms of post tubal ligation syndrome or PTLS:

  • Hot flashes
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Irregular or Heavier Periods
  • Loss of Libido
  • Increased depression and/or anxiety
  • Achy, sore joints or muscles
  • Weight gain
  • Memory Lapse
  • Pelvic pain
  • Increased headaches

Tubal Pregnancy Symptoms:

Few of the symptoms of tubal pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy are as follows:

  • Severe abdominal pain which is accompanied by vaginal bleeding
  • Extreme lightheadedness or feeling of fainting
  • Shoulder pain
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Shock
  • Urge to have a bowel movement
  • Rectal pressure

Tubectomy Side Effects (Long Term):

Almost any major medical surgical procedure always comes with a set of risks as well as complications. Some of the side effects of tubectomy are as follows:

  • Complications or allergies due to anesthesia
  • Accidental perforations as well as bleeding in the stomach
  • Infections
  • Fallopian tube perforation

Tubectomy Reversal (Success Rate):

The tubal reversal surgical procedure is actually a complex process. The results usually would never be guaranteed. Your treating doctor will advise you never to rush into a tubectomy. A reversal is normally possible yet the post reversal pregnancies rate has been reported to be very low.

Tubal Ligation Requirements:

Getting your tubes tied usually involves the following requirements. You must be between 18 and 21 years of age. The age bracket usually depends on the country.

Tubal Ligation Procedure – Treatment:

Tubectomy or tubal ligation surgical procedure usually involves the following treatment procedures:

Prior to the Treatment:

  • Your doctor will ask you to take an overall health checkup in order for him to know your total fitness level
  • Before the surgery, your doctor will discuss with you in regards to the surgery

During the Treatment:

  • Your doctor will give you anesthesia prior to your tubal ligation surgery.
  • Your abdomen is then inflated with gas. Your doctor then makes a small incision in order to access your reproductive organs with the help of a laparoscope. The process is called laparoscopic tubal ligation
  • Fallopian tubes are then sealed by cutting and folding the tubes or by sectional removing or tubes or by tube blocking with the help of bands or clips
  • All this will be done guided by the images from the laparoscopy through which the incisions will be made
  • Some of the different other methods, your doctor uses are monopolar or bipolar coagulation, tubal clip, tubal ring or by fimbriectomy methods

Prognosis, Post-Treatment and Tubal Ligation Recovery:

  • You will be discharged on the same day after tubectomy surgical procedure
  • Whatsoever, after the surgery, you may feel abdominal pain or cramps, fatigue and dizziness
  • Stitches will usually be taken out usually after a week or after ten days.
  • You will be advised to see the surgeon for a follow-up check-up process after six weeks.

Vasectomy vs Tubal Ligation or Tubectomy (Female Vasectomy):

Vasectomies are usually men’s permanent sterilization procedures. The surgical procedure involves work by tying or clipping or cutting, or by sealing the vas deferens in order to release the sperm. A vasectomy surgical procedure typically takes between two to four months in order to become effective after the surgery. On the other hand, tubectomy which is also known as female sterilization or tubal sterilization or tubal ligation is generally a permanent method of contraception in women.

Signs of Pregnancy After Tubal Ligation: (Tube ligation pregnancy)

Some of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy of tubal ligation are as follows:

  • Cravings for certain foods and aversions to others
  • Tenderness in the breasts
  • Missed menstruation
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Frequent urination

Precautions after Laparoscopic Tubectomy:

It is very important to follow doctor’s advice post-surgery. Some suggestions in order to look after yourself well are as follows:

  • Avoid intense exercise for a week.
  • Work can usually be resumed within some days.
  • Refrain from sex for a couple of weeks after the tubectomy.
  • Pain medication should be taken to help manage pain. Whatsoever, make sure you see a doctor in case of increased pain.
  • Make sure to see your doctor in case if you experience fever, bleeding from the cut, or fainting spells

Tubectomy complications:

Few of the risks and complications after tubectomy usually includes:

  • Infection at the incision site
  • Wound separation
  • Incomplete healing that can result in the tubes and can grow back together
  • allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • significant blood loss
  • injury to an organ just during surgery


1. When your tubes are tied how do you know if you're pregnant?

Symptoms of an ectopic or tubal pregnancy usually include: abdominal pain or light vaginal bleeding or pelvic pain.

2. How old do you have to be to get your tubes tied?

Your age should be between 18 to 25. However, it changes according to different countries.

3. Can you get pregnant with your tubes tied?

Yes, there is a high chance that you can get pregnant with your tubes tied. Your odds are between 1% to 3.7% based on factors which include age and surgery type.

4. What are the ways to get pregnant with tubes tied cut and also burned?

IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is one of the best options to get pregnant with tubes tied cut and burned.

5. What is fallopian tube removal?

Fallopian tube removal usually involves the medical or surgical extraction of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.