The lymphatic system performs several roles to help protect you from infection. Adenoids are part of the lymphatic system. Adenoids store white blood cells and antibodies that help to destroy possible infections threatening your health. If the adenoids become inflamed, they may not perform their function properly.
Your doctor will most likely perform a physical examination to determine where the infection is located. They will also ask about your family history to determine if your condition is hereditary.
If a bacteria caused your adenoiditis, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. The use of antibiotics often proves successful in treating inflamed adenoidal tissue. If a virus caused your adenoiditis, your doctor will put you on a treatment plan that is specific to the virus.
Surgery to remove your adenoids is a final option. This is called adenoidectomy. Surgery is used to remove adenoids that:
• do no get better with antibiotics
• have recurring infections
• exist alongside an underlying health issue, such as cancer or a tumor of the throat and neck
• cause breathing and swallowing problems
Other tests can include:
• Throat examinations using swabs to obtain samples of bacteria and other organisms
• Blood tests to determine the presence of organisms
• X-rays of your head and neck to determine the size of your adenoids and extent of infection.
Adenoiditis may begin as a swelling or enlargement of the adenoids. The swelling may block or restrict your airways. It can also make it difficult to breathe through your nose.
Symptoms usually are as follows:
• sounding nasally when speaking, as if you’re talking through your nose
• sore or dry throat from breathing through the mouth
• breathing through your mouth becomes more comfortable than breathing through your nose
• snoring during the night or any time you sleep
• symptoms of infection, such as a runny nose that produces green or discolored mucus.
Adenoiditis can be caused by a bacterial infection, such as infection with the bacteria Streptococcus. It can also be caused by a number of viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, adenovirus, and rhinovirus.
What is adenoidectomy?
Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoids which are glands located in the roof of the mouth where the nose connects to the throat. It is usually done in children.
Why is adenoidectomy done?
The procedure is done to remove the enlarged adenoids that block the airways and cause breathing problems, ear infections and difficulty in swallowing.
How long is recovery after this surgery?
To completely recover from this surgery, the child will take about 2 weeks
How many days of hospitalization is required for this procedure?
The child may get discharged on that day itself ir may be required to stay overnight after the procedure.
What are precautions that are needed to be followed after adenoidectomy?
The child should drink lots of water to prevent dehydration. Soft foods should be given. Avoid hot foods.
What are the compilations that can arise after this treatment?
Complications like ear pain,nausea,sore throat and bad breath are seen.